Harry Wong
Dec 2017
Vol 14 No 4

22 Quick Facts About The Pearl Harbor Attack – For Teachers and Students

By Teachers.Net News Desk

22 Quick Facts All About The Pearl Harbor Attack
By Bess Taubman,
Author of My Pearl Harbor Scrapbook 1941

1. In just 15 minutes, the main battle line of the U.S. Pacific Fleet was smashed.

2. 1,177 men aboard the USS ARIZONA perished almost instantly when a 1,760 lb. bomb struck the forward ammunition storage area three decks below.

3. On March 27, 1941, Takeo Yoshikawa a spy for the Japanese Naval Intelligence arrived in Honolulu. For the next 8 and a half months he gathered information on U.S. ships and planes.

4. Emperor Hirohito reluctantly gave his approval to attack Pearl Harbor in 1941. He cautioned Japanese Supreme Court Command about the dangers of war with the United States and recommended negotiations first.

5. Japan was determined to destroy the United States Navy’s Pacific Fleet and paralyze Pearl Harbor. They believed America stood in its way to obtain the rich abundance of vast and valuable natural resources that existed throughout China and Indonesia. Japan needed these natural resources, primarily oil, which was not available in their own country. Japan could not survive as a great nation without these resources. Therefore, Japan’s foreign policy revolved around the continued acquisition and control of this vital commodity. America stood in its way.

6. TARGET: U.S. Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor
32 total vessels were committed for the attack with 432 aircraft aboard.
6 aircraft carriers
2 heavy cruisers
2 light cruisers
11 destroyers
9 oilers
30 I-class submarines
5 midget submarines strapped to the back of 5 “Mother” submarines.

7. The Japanese Strike Force was known was “Kido Butai” and sailed 13 days from Japan through cold, rough winter seas assembling 230 miles north of Oahu, Hawaii.

8. Tora,Tora,Tora (Tiger, Tiger, Tiger) was the pre-arranged Japanese code that alerted the entire Japanese Navy that they had achieved complete surprise and caught the United States completely off-guard.

9. 183 Japanese planes rolled off their decks at 6:00 a.m. led by Commander Fuchida in the 1st wave of the attack and sped towards Pearl Harbor.

10. 167 aircrafts were launched an hour later from their carriers for the second wave.

11. Within 2 hours, American air power in Hawaii was immobilized.

12. Within 15 minutes, Battleships: USS CALIFORNIA, OKLAHOMA, WEST VIRGINIA, NEVADA, ARIZONA, and UTAH were sunk. Battleships MARYLAND, TENNESSEE, PENNSYLVANIA were damaged.

13. 21 vessels of the Pacific Fleet had been sunk or damaged.

14. 75% of the planes on the airfield surrounding Pearl Harbor were damaged or destroyed.

15. “Air Raid Pearl Harbor . . . This Is Not Drill” were the words that resignated throughout Pearl Harbor and the world on December 7, 1941. Hawaii was “deliberately attacked,” losses were grave.

16. Total American casualties killed: 2,388; Wounded: 1,178
Total American planes lost: 169; Total planes damaged: 159

17. The Honolulu Star Bulletin rushed to get the story out about the attack on Pearl Harbor. A record 250,000 copies were printed in three editions — known as “Extras”.

18. December 8, 1941 Congress voted 388-1 for a Declaration of War against Japan. Pacifist Jeannette Rankin from Montana was the only “No” vote against the war.

19.  40 torpedoes were carried into Pearl Harbor on planes and only 36 were dropped. 
25 hit their targets
4 missed
6 dropped incorrectly
2 planes shot down before dropping
1 malfunction
1 reported as lost
1 still unaccounted for

20. When the last Japanese planes had returned to their aircraft carriers, the crippling impact of the surprise attack left nearly 2,400 American military and civilians casualties in its wake.

21. A 3rd wave attack was abandoned. As a result, the fuel storage tanks and shop repair facilities were spared. This proved to be a major blunder of Admiral Nagumo, Commander in Chief of the First Air Fleet, in his plan to neutralize the American Pacific Fleet. Accomplishing this would have added several more years in Pearl Harbor’s recovery.

22. Casualty numbers were secretly kept at a minimum early in the attack so as not to cause alarm to the American people, but also not to reveal this information to the Japanese.

© 2014 Bess Taubman, author of My Pearl Harbor Scrapbook 1941

Author Bio
Bess Taubman, 
author of My Pearl Harbor Scrapbook 1941, combines her unique talents as writer, designer and publisher creating dynamic, educational products about historical subjects. She has been writing about the Pearl Harbor story for over twenty years. Presenting the reader a unique way to learn about complex subjects, Ms. Taubman is helping to reshape the way historical information is introduced with colorful vivid story lines. This is her first book. She lives in Phoenix, Arizona with her husband and daughter.

For more information please visit, and follow the author on Facebook and Twitter.



Comment on this article...

Next Article...
This entry was posted on Friday, December 5th, 2014 and is filed under *ISSUES, Dec 2014. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. Both comments and pings are currently closed.
Teachers.Net Gazette Vol.11 No.12 December 2014

Harry & Rosemary Wong: Effective Teaching
Making Deals Is Ineffective
Cover Story by Todd R. Nelson
How to Honor Diversity Without Inhibiting Holiday Joy - The Universal Liturgy of Light
More Teacher Articles...
»How the Teacher Stole Christmas - 5 Lessons Inspired By The GrinchJennifer Davis Bowman Ed.D.
»The Importance of Play - How to Explain it to Parents and OthersCheryl Hatch
»FFA: Not What You Might Think - Interdisciplinary Learning All Students NeedSarah Powley
»7 Simple Ways to Introduce Technology into the ClassroomSusan Fitzell
»Student-Centered Learning - Where Do You Fit In?Tina Bacolas
»Moccasins You DON'T Want to Walk In - Race and the Insidious Bias of "American Exceptionalism"Teachers.Net Community
»Exciting Crafts, Lessons, Activities for DecemberTeachers.Net Resources
»Educator's Guide to Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in ChildrenLeah Davies, M.Ed.
»Record US High School Graduation Rate of Black and Hispanic YouthStewart Brekke
»PEMDAS: Effective Math Tool or Inaccurate Memory Trick?Teachers.Net Community
»Apple Seeds - Quotes for EducatorsBarb Stutesman
»Teaching The US Legislative ProcessInternet Scout Report
»Circa News - Voted Best AppInternet Scout Report
»Children's Book Series: Alphabet Anatomy by Linda JonesNews Desk
»National Priorities Project on Federal Budget Offers Free Lesson Plans, WebinarsInternet Scout Report
»Dawn Patrol Comic Books to Honor RAF pilotsNews Desk
»Halloween or Halaal-o-weenShabana Jameel

By State
AL   AK   AZ   AR   CA   CO   CT   DE   DC   FL   GA   HI   ID   IL   IN   IA   KS   KY   LA    ME   MD   MA   MI   MN   MS   MO   MT   NE   NV   NH   NJ   NM   NY   NC   ND   OH   OK   OR   PA   RI   SC   SD   TN   TX   UT   VT     VA   WA   WV   WI   WY