By Dr. Marvin Marshall • May 1st, 2016
Behaviorists who promote giving rewards to control behavior are not interested in values. They are only interested in changing behavior, which is the reason that neuroscientists do not use behavioral approaches. Scientists realize that humans are not like dogs, pigeons, or rats, which were used by behaviorists who extrapolated that, since rewarding behavior worked on these types of creatures, it would also work on human beings.
By Dr. Marvin Marshall • Apr 1st, 2016
Our emotional system drives our attention, which drives learning and memory. Specifically, how a person “feels” about a situation determines the amount of attention he or she devotes to it. Students need to feel an emotional connection to their tasks, their peers, their teachers, and their school. For an increasing number of students, school is a place where making emotional connections is more important than anything else. This is especially true for so many adolescents where a feeling of belonging almost overshadows all other desires and is often the most important factor that keeps them in school.
By Dr. Marvin Marshall • Mar 1st, 2016
Recent discoveries show that sleep facilitates the active analysis of new memories, allows the brain to solve problems, and infer new information. The "sleeping brain" may also be selectively reinforcing the more difficult aspects of a newly learned task.
By Dr. Marvin Marshall • Jan 22nd, 2016
Intrinsically motivated learning is far superior to commonly used external approaches...
Our future leaders and citizens are continually being short-changed. The reason is that the world of education is continually using extrinsic or external motivational approaches to have students behave appropriately, act responsibly, and put forth effort in their learning.
By Dr. Marvin Marshall • Dec 11th, 2015
“Counterwill” is the name for the natural human resistance to being controlled.
Although adults experience this phenomenon, we seem to be surprised when we encounter it in young people. Counterwill is the most misunderstood and misinterpreted dynamic in teacher-student relationships.
This instinctive resistance can take many forms—refusal to do what is asked, resistance when told, disobedience or defiance, and lack of motivation. Counterwill can manifest itself in procrastination or in doing the opposite of what is expected. It can be expressed as passivity, negativity, or argumentativeness and is such a universal phenomenon at certain stages of development that it has given rise to the term “rebellious teens.”
By Dr. Marvin Marshall • Sep 1st, 2015
Asking “Why?” is an INeffective question when it relates to behavior. For example, the answer to asking a young person, “Why are you doing that?” will prompt answers such as, “I don’t know” or an excuse, such as, “I have ADD.” In contrast, asking a student this question effective teaching technique for promoting learning and effort...
By Dr. Marvin Marshall • Oct 1st, 2013
Monty Roberts is a famous horse trainer--the model for the Robert Redford film, "The Horse Whisperer." The trainer conducts demonstrations of how he trains wild mustangs. Monty grew up in central California and, at age 12, started observing them. He now puts his observations and experiences with horses to work with humans. As with the strategies I share, his approach is one of noncoercion to effect behavior changes and improve relationships. The strategy is in direct contrast to traditional approaches of using coercion.
By Dr. Marvin Marshall • Sep 1st, 2013
When we hear ourselves thinking, we are metacogitating. But do not assume that every student does it. For example, a student works on and solves a problem, and the teacher says, "Tell us how you solved that problem." And the student says, "I don't know; I just did it." This shows a lack of metacognitive awareness.
By Dr. Marvin Marshall • Aug 1st, 2013
5 invaluable tips to get the new school year off to a good start with positive ways to establish effective classroom management!
By Dr. Marvin Marshall • Jul 1st, 2013
"When the student is ready, the teacher will appear." But we can speed up the process.